Master Seon Hye Choi1, Dr Yeonhee Lee1
1National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul, Republic of Korea
This study aims to review research trends and achievements in order to suggest further research directions by analyzing domestic research trends on the effects of forest education programs from 2001 to 2018. We analyzed 327 research papers (138 journals, 188 dissertations) using terms relevant to forest education such as ‘forest experience’, ‘forest activity’ and etc. The effects of forest education were classified into three domains: cognitive, affective and physical domains. If two or more different domains were combined, they were categorized into a mixed type. The findings were as follows: Firstly, the most analyzed subject was children (200 papers, 61.1%), followed by elementary school students (89 papers, 27.2%), middle and high school students (20 papers, 6.1%) and adults (16 papers, 4.8%). Two papers published from 2015 to 2018 were categorized into the mixed type as one paper analyzed the effects on fathers and infants, and the other was about all age groups. Secondly, the most frequently analyzed domain type was the affective domain, followed by cognitive and physical domains. The affective domain was about environmentally friendly attitude (54 papers), sociality (40 papers) and environmental sensibility (16 papers). In addition, the cognitive domain was about scientific inquiry ability and learning (29 papers), environmental awareness and knowledge (25 papers) and awareness of the forest (20 papers). There were only 12 factors related to the physical domain such as cold, physical development, brain wave, physical strength. Lastly, the number of research papers about forest education was dramatically increased by nine times (153 papers from 2011 to 2015, 17 papers from 2001 to 2005). Moreover, the number of domain types was gradually increased from 2001 to 2018 (6 types from 2001 to 2005, 22 types from 2006 to 2010, 56 types from 2011 to 2015, 77 types from 2016 to 2018).
Yeonhee Lee is a research scientist in the National Institute of Forest Science which is a research station of Korea Forest Service. Her division, Forest Welfare Research division, has currently conducted research projects to improve quality of life for people and to maximize recreational values with forest resources. She has a doctor’s degree in forest resources and her doctoral thesis is on the forest management methods for therapeutic forests. Now her research areas are ‘forest education’ and ‘urban forest’.