Dr Yeonhee Lee1, Dr Su Jin Park1
1National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul, Republic of Korea
This study was conducted to prove the positive effects of forest education programs by analyzing changes in adolescents’ creative personality and achievement motivation.
The subjects of this study were 59 elementary school students who participated in the forest education programs for two nights and three days at National Center for Forest Activities in Hoengseong, Korea. Students responded to self-report surveys before and after the programs consisted of forest interpretation, forest trekking and craft activities. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 program and frequency analysis, descriptive statistics and paired sample t-test were conducted.
Research results showed that students’ creative personality significantly increased after participating in forest education programs (p < 0.01). Moreover, the forest education programs produced a statistically significant increase in ‘curiosity’ and subfactors of achievement motivation, ‘patience/absorption’. (p < 0.05, p < 0.01) The average value of achievement motivation significantly increased from 3,404 to 3,626 after participating in the forest education programs (p < 0.05). These results show that forest education programs have positive effects on enhancing students’ creative personality and achievement motivation. The study proves that forest education programs for adolescents have positive effects on their creative personality and achievement motivation. The creative personality is a core life skill in a knowledge-based society, and achievement motivation is a key factor which influences students’ adjustment in school. This study is significant in that it emphasizes the necessity of forest education programs by suggesting positive effects of them.
Yeonhee Lee is a research scientist in the National Institute of Forest Science which is a research station of Korea Forest Service. Her division, Forest Welfare Research division, has currently conducted research projects to improve quality of life for people and to maximize recreational values with forest resources. She has a doctor’s degree in forest resources and her doctoral thesis is on the forest management methods for therapeutic forests. Now her research areas are ‘forest education’ and ‘urban forest’.